I found this wonderful bronze medal during a recent buying trip to Europe. From what I have found in my research, it was supposedly used as an award between 1931 and 1944 for people who gave blood to the Red Cross in the Netherlands. Initially it was given to anyone who donated but then it was tied to the number of times in a year (by 1944 you had to have donated 15 times in order to receive this medal).
The front shows a profile image of Dr. Karl Landsteiner, who is credited for identifying the main blood groups A, B, and O back in 1900 and was awarded a Nobel Prize in 1930.
The back reads (translated) “The Dutch Red Cross Blood Transfusion Service” and in Latin “Sanguine Sanguinem Sanati.” It also shows an image of a pelican with its wings open, stabbing its chest to feed its young with the blood from its wound.
SIZE: 2″ diameter, box 2.25″ square
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